Innovation and Change in the Chilean Health System
Chile has often been a regional health system innovator. One of the first Latin American countries to adopt a Bismarckian social security system that provides white-collar workers with health insurance funded by a salary tax, Chile also created a state-run National Health System (NHS) in the 1950s, based on the British National Health Service model and funded by general tax revenue. Although the social security system provided insurance to salaried employees who contributed a portion of their salaries, Chile did not set up a separate social security delivery system, instead funding public services and later providing access to private clinics.
Fuente: N. Engl. J. Med 374;1 nejm.org January 7, 2016